莎士比亚经典台词

莎士比亚经典台词 | 楼主 | 2016-12-09 16:21:13 共有3个回复
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摘要:美满的爱情使斗士紧绷的心情松弛下来,因为她生的美丽所以被男人追求因为她是女人所以被男人俘获,新的火焰可以把旧的火焰扑灭大的苦痛可以使小的苦痛减轻,勤劳一天可得一日安眠勤奋一生可永远长眠。以下是小编整理的3篇最新莎士比亚经典台词范文,欢迎参阅!

莎士比亚经典台词2016-12-09 16:19:34 | #1楼回目录

1 Frailty, thy name is woman!

2 To be or not to be,that's a question

3 Abandoning time person , time also is able to abandon him

4 Successful cheat, makes a livelihood by lying unnecessarily again , what is also futile moreover because of the people who is deceived already becomes his supporter .

5 People can control self destiny, if we are under the control of person , that alternates absent destiny, but is member of ourself

6 Happy love, makes tight state of mind of fighter go slow down

7 Very consummate love , impairment of the heart are harmful to the health , have no that spare time as all corners of the country children.

8Jealous brothers is falsehood

9God is impartial , the people who has destiny in hand stands forever in the balance both ends , the people who is grasped by destiny knows that God bestows destiny on him only only

10 Proud one person , result have destroyed self always within pride

11 Loving be one kind of sweet agony , sincere love never is a even road's

12 Because of she is raw, beauty , reason why are run after by the man; Because of she is a woman , reason why be captured by the man

13 If the female envies that because of affection be very dreadful

14 Either need to frustrate because of the once , or abandon your it truns out that determination wants to achieve purpose

15The woman does not satisfy laugh at arrogant feeling requirments

16I have admitted the thing in the world again more pained than amatory punishing , not also is happier than waiting upon it

17 The new flame can extinguish old flame , big pain can make minor suffering ease off

18 The clever people has become moronism , has been a easiest to rise to the bait You fish; Because of

his evidence relies on only Gao Xue Guang , be unable to see self wild arrogance

19Fool's folly guesses that folly of not to strange , clever people lets people be in convulsions of laughter just now; Because of he uses complete ability, certificate himself is clumsy

20 Outward appearance is per se completely sometimes inconsistent with object , the common people decorates what be cheated all easy to be outside

21 No matter how dark long , may eventually in the day arrival

22 May have to sleep peacefully on 1st diligently one day,; Die industriously all self's life, but forever

23 The woman is to loving , is not to be known

24 Gold Oh , you are what magical. You can make old becoming few , ugly becoming is beautiful , black becoming is white , wrong becoming suits

25 Need to rotate more when dizzy, self sadnebeing overwhelmed with sorrow , sadnewith others, are able to be cured right away

26 Love seems to grow in upper flower of precipice , want to extract indispensable need to have guts right away

27 The whole world is a gigantic stage , all human society men and women is only actor without exception. Come on the stage exiting when every has the person. Everyone's lifetime is all acting as a lot of role , has seven kinds stages from being born to dying

28 During the period of self cannot get happiness, very close by the display window , be spellbound being staring at happiness

1. 脆弱啊,你的名字是女人!

2. 生存还是死亡,那是个问题。

3. 放弃时间的人,时间也会放弃他。

4. 成功的骗子,不必再以说谎为生,因为被骗的人已经成为他的拥护者,我再说什么也是枉然。

5. 人们可支配自己的命运,若我们受制於人,那错不在命运,而在我们自己。

6 美满的爱情,使斗士紧绷的心情松弛下来。

7 太完美的爱情,伤心又伤身,身为江湖儿女,没那个闲工夫。

8 嫉妒的手足是谎言!

9 上帝是公平的,掌握命运的人永远站在天平的两端,被命运掌握的人仅仅只明白上帝赐给他命运!

10 一个骄傲的人,结果总是在骄傲里毁灭了自己。

11 爱是一种甜蜜的痛苦,真诚的爱情永不是一条平坦的道路的。

12 因为她生的美丽,所以被男人追求;因为她是女人,所以被男人俘获。

13 如果女性因为感情而嫉妒起来那是很可怕的。

14 不要只因一次挫败,就放弃你原来决心想达到的目的。

15 女人不具备笑傲情场的条件。

16 我承认天底下再没有比爱情的责罚更痛苦的,也没有比服侍它更快乐的事了。

17 新的火焰可以把旧的火焰扑灭,大的苦痛可以使小的苦痛减轻。

18 聪明人变成了痴愚,是一条最容易上钩的游鱼;因为他凭恃才高学广,看不见自己的狂妄。

19 愚人的蠢事算不得稀奇,聪明人的蠢事才叫人笑痛肚皮;因为他用全副的本领,证明他自己愚笨。

20 外观往往和事物的本身完全不符,世人都容易为表面的装饰所欺骗。

21 黑暗无论怎样悠长,白昼总会到来。

22 勤劳一天,可得一日安眠;勤奋一生,可永远长眠。

23 女人是被爱的,不是被了解的。

24 金子啊,,你是多么神奇。你可以使老的变成少的,丑的变成美的,黑的变成白的,错的变成对的……

25 目眩时更要旋转,自己痛不欲生的悲伤,以别人的悲伤,就能够治愈!

26 爱情就像是生长在悬崖上的一朵花,想要摘就必需要有勇气。

27 全世界是一个巨大的舞台,所有红尘男女均只是演员罢了。上场下场各有其时。每个人一生都扮演着许多角色,从出生到死亡有七种阶段。

28 在自己还得不到幸福的时候,不要靠橱窗太近,盯着幸福出神

莎士比亚经典台词2016-12-09 16:20:05 | #2楼回目录

莎士比亚名言【中英对照】

To be, or not to be, this is a question.

生存,还是毁灭,这是一个问题。

Better a witty fool than a foolish wit.-Shakespeare

宁为聪明的愚夫,不作愚蠢的才子。-莎士比亚

A light heart lives long .

豁达者长寿。 (英国剧作家 莎士比亚. W.)

Do not , for one repulse , give up the purpose that you resolved to effect .不要只因一次失败,就放弃你原来决心想达到的目的。(英国剧作家 莎士比亚.W.)

In delay there lies no plenty , Then come kime , sweet and twenty , Youth’s a stuff that will not endure .

迁延蹉跎,来日无多,二十丽姝,请来吻我,衰草枯杨,青春易过。(英国剧作家 莎士比亚. W.)

The time of life is short ; to spend that shortnebasely, it would be too long .

人生苦短,若虚度年华,则短暂的人生就太长了。(英国剧作家 莎士比亚. W.)

Don’t gild the lily.

不要给百合花镀金/画蛇添足。 (英国剧作家 莎士比亚 . W .)

The empty vessels make the greatest sound .

满瓶不响,半瓶咣当。 (英国剧作家 莎士比亚. W.)

The course of true love never did run smooth.

真诚的爱情之路永不会是平坦的。(莎士比亚)

Do nor for one repulse, for go the purpose that you resolved to effort. -- Shakespeare

不要因为一次挫折就放弃你原来决心要达到的目标。 --莎士比亚

Ignorance is the curse of God, knowledge the wing wherewith we fly to heaven. -- William Shakespeare

无知乃是罪恶,知识乃是我们藉以飞向天堂的翅膀。 --莎士比亚

Rich gifts wax poor when givers prove unkind. (william shakewspeare British dramalist)

如果送礼的人不是出於真心,再贵重的礼物也会失去它的价值。

Virtue is bold, and goodnenever fearful. (William shakespeare, British dramatist)

美德是勇敢的,善良从来无所畏惧。(英国剧作家 莎士比亚. W.)

To mourn a mischief that is past and gone is the next way to draw new mischief on. (William Shkespeare, British dramatist)

为了一去不复返的灾祸而悲伤将会抬致新的灾祸。(英国剧作家 莎士比亚 W)

What's in a name? That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet.

名称有什麼关系呢?玫瑰不叫玫瑰,依然芳香如故。——Shakespeare

Smooth runs the water where the brook is deep.

静水流深。——Shakespeare

There is a history in all men's lives.

所有人的生活裏都有一部历史.Shakespeare 莎士比亚

Sweet are the uses of adversity.(William Shakspeare,British Playwriter)苦尽甘来。(英国剧作家 莎士比亚 W)

Do not, for one repulse, forgo the purpose that you resolved to effort. ( Shakespeare )

不要只因一次挫败,就放弃你原来决心想达到的目的。(莎士比亚)

How sharper than a serpent's tooth is to have a thanklechild. (William Shakespeare, British dramatist)

逆子无情甚於蛇蝎。(英国剧作家 莎士比亚W.)

It is not enough to help the feeble up, but to support him after.William Shakespeare, British dramatist

仅仅把弱者扶起来是不够的,还要在他站起来之后支持他。

英国剧作家 莎士比亚.W.

Truth needs no colour; beauty , no pencil. —— William Shakespeare真理不需色彩,美丽不需涂饰。 ——W·莎士比亚

莎士比亚经典台词2016-12-09 16:19:57 | #3楼回目录

Better a witty fool than a foolish wit.-Shakespeare宁为聪明的愚夫,不作愚蠢的才子。

A light heart lives long .豁达者长寿。

Do not , for one repulse , give up the purpose that you resolved to effect .

不要只因一次失败,就放弃你原来决心想达到的目的。

In delay there lies no plenty , Then come kime , sweet and twenty , Youth’s a stuff that will not endure . 迁延蹉跎,来日无多,二十丽姝,请来吻我,衰草枯杨,青春易过。

Don’t gild the lily.不要给百合花镀金/画蛇添足。

The empty vessels make the greatest sound .满瓶不响,半瓶咣当。

The course of true love never did run smooth.真诚的爱情之路永不会是平坦的。

Love, and the same charcoal, burning, need to find ways to ask cooling. Allow an arbitrary, it is necessary to heart charred。

爱,和炭相同,烧起来,得想办法叫它冷却。让它任意着,那就要把一颗心烧焦。

Laughter is the root of all evil.笑是一切罪恶的根源。

Love is the season Yizhenyin sigh; The eyes have it purified the lovers of Mars; Love it aroused waves of tears. It is the wisdom of madness, choking bitterness, it does not tip of honey.

爱情是叹息吹起的一阵烟;恋人的眼中有它净化了的火星;恋人的眼泪是它激起的波涛。它又是最智慧的疯狂,哽喉的苦味,吃不到嘴的蜜糖。

Love is like a game of tug-of-war competition not stop to the beginning。\

爱就像一场拔河比赛 ,一开始就不能停下来。

I would like now to seriously indifferent room of wonderful。

我只想现在认真过的精彩 无所谓好与坏。

Bianguai people suddenly started a gentle love, love when people understand the deterioration of the niggling over。

爱让人变乖 突然间开始温柔了起来,爱让人变坏 懂得了什么时候该耍赖。

Love to talk about a bit of a surprise to people to learn the total patient injury。

谈一场恋爱 学会了忍耐 总有些意外 会让人受伤害。

If you understand the value of love and love you have given me I have to wait for the future。

只要你明白 珍惜爱与被爱 我愿意等待 你给我的未来。

Sweet love you, precious, I disdained the situation with regard emperors swap。

你甜蜜的爱,就是珍宝,我不屑把处境跟帝王对调。

No matter how long night, the arrival of daylight Association。

黑夜无论怎样悠长,白昼总会到来。

Words can not expretrue love, loyalty behavior is the best explanation。

真正的爱情是不能用言语表达的,行为才是忠心的最好说明。

Love is a woman with the ears, and if the men will love, but love is to use your eyes。

女人是用耳朵恋爱的,而男人如果会产生爱情的话,却是用眼睛来恋爱。

I bogged down in a sea of blood back legs, unable to stop, go back, as far as like, people feel that there is no retreat. the future is a marshy area, people got in deeper and deeper。

我两腿早陷在血海里,欲罢不能,想回头,就像走到尽头般,叫人心寒,退路是没有了,前途是一片沼泽地,让人越陷越深。

There is nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes it so

世间本无善恶,端看个人想法

When the heart of honor get hurt of time, the comity is to cure its good medicine

当荣誉心受伤的时候,友谊是治愈它的良药

life's but a walking shadow,a poor player that struts and frets his hour upon the stage,and then is heard no more; it is tale told by an idiot,full of sound and fury,signifying nothing.

人生不过是一个行走的影子,一个在舞台上指手划脚的笨拙的怜人,登场片刻,便在无声无息中悄然退去,这是一个愚人所讲的故事,充满了喧哗和骚动,却一无所指。《麦克白》

经典莎士比亚对(哈姆雷特)白: To be, or not to be, that is the Question: Whether 'tis Nobler in the minde to suffer The Slings and Arrowes of outragious Fortune; Or to take Armes against a Sea of troubles, And by opposing end them: to dye, to sleepe No more; and by a sleepe, to say we end The Heartake, and the thousand Naturall shockes That Flesh is heyre too? 'Tis a consummation Devoutly to be wish'd. To dye to sleepe, To sleepe, perchance to Dreame; I, there's the rub, For in that sleepe of death, what dreames may come, When we have shuffel'd off this mortall coile, Must give us pawse. There's the respect That makes Calamity of so long life: For who would beare the Whips and Scornes of time, The Oppressors wrong, the poore mans Contumely, The pangs of dispriz'd Love, the Lawes delay, The insolence of Office, and the Spurnes That patient merit of the unworthy takes, When he himselfe might his Quietus make With a bare Bodkin? Who would these fardles beare To grunt and sweat under a weary life, But that the dread of something after death, The undiscovered Countrey, from whose Borne No Traveller returnes, Puzels the will, And makes us rather beare those illes we have, Then flye to others that we know not of. Thus Conscience does make Cowards of us all, And thus the Native hew of resolution Is sicklied o're, with the pale cast of Thought, And enterprizes of great pith and moment, With this regard their Currants turne away, And loose the name of Action

生存或毁灭, 这是个必答之问题: 是否应默默的忍受坎苛命运之无情打击, 还是应与深如大海之无涯苦难奋然为敌, 并将其克服。 此二抉择, 就竟是哪个较崇高? 死即睡眠, 它不过如此! 倘若一眠能了结心灵之苦楚与肉体之百患, 那么, 此结局是可盼的! 死去, 睡去... 但在睡眠中可能有梦, 啊, 这就是个阻碍: 当我们摆脱了此垂死之皮囊, 在死之长眠中会有何梦来临? 它令我们踌躇, 使我们心甘情愿的承受长年之灾, 否则谁肯容忍人间之百般折磨, 如暴君之政、骄者之傲、失恋之痛、法章之慢、贪官之侮、或庸民之辱, 假如他能简单的一刃了之? 还有谁会肯去做牛做马, 终生疲於操劳, 默默的忍受其苦其难, 而不远走高飞, 飘於渺茫之境, 倘若他不是因恐惧身后之事而使他犹豫不前? 此境乃无人知晓之邦, 自古无返者。

时间

Discard time, the time he has abandoned Discard time, and time is up to him.

抛弃时间的人,时间也抛弃他.——《莎士比亚戏剧集》

Time silent footsteps, not because we have many things to be addressed and Pause briefly. 时间的无声的脚步,是不会因为我们有许多事情需要处理而稍停片刻的.——《终成眷属》

Time is short life; But even if the target clock speed along with life, to one hour We end to this period of time was also engaged to spend too long.

生命的时间是短促的;但是即使生命随着时钟的指针飞驰,到了一小时就要宣告结束,要卑贱地消磨这段短时间却也嫌太长.——《亨利四世上篇》

时间正象一个趋炎附势的主人,对于一个临去的客人不过和他略微握一握手,对于一个新来的客人,却伸开了两臂,飞也似的过去抱住他.——《特洛伊罗斯与克瑞西达》

时间老人的背上负着一个庞大的布袋,那里面装满着被世人所遗忘的丰功伟业;那些已成过去的美迹,一转眼间就会在人们的记忆里消失.只有持续不断的精进,才可以使荣名永垂不替;如果一旦罢手,就会象一套久遭搁置的生锈的铠甲,谁也不记得它的往日的勋劳,徒然让它的不合时宜的式样,留作世人揶揄的资料.——《特洛伊罗斯与克瑞西达》

时间是世人的君王,它是他们的父母,也是他们的坟墓;它所给与世人的,只凭着自己的意志,而不是按照他们

的要求.——《泰尔亲王配力克里斯》

Human life is short, but if this despicable too short life, it too long.

人的一生是短的,但如卑劣的过这短的一生,就太长了.——《莎士比亚戏剧集》

The power lies in time : the end of the imperial who wanted; The truth to sunlight, the false lie. 时间的威力在于:结束帝王们的争战;把真理带到阳光下,把虚假的谎言揭穿.——《鲁克丽丝受辱记》 A prodigal son go with the sun is the general, but he was not the same as the solar cycle. 一个浪子所走的路是跟太阳一般的,可是他并不象太阳一样周而复始.——《雅典的泰门》

供你饮用的清泉,不要把污泥抛进;无法修复的物品,不要轻易去毁损.——《鲁克丽丝受辱记》

我们俯身下去拾起掉在地上的珠宝,因为我们的眼睛看见它;可是我们没看见的,就毫不介意而践踏过去.——《一报还一报》

要是不能把握时机,就要终身蹭蹬,一事无成.——《裘力斯 凯撒》

Things would have been waves of ups and downs, and if people can build climax to proceed will be trveling.

世事的起伏本来是波浪式的,人们要是能够趁着*一往直前,一定可

功成名就……——《裘力斯 凯撤》

Corrode the grarust, can deep clean the treasures exertion, If good at using gold, but will bring more gold hygiene.

腐蚀的臭锈,能把深藏的宝物消耗干净,黄金如善于利用,却能把更多的黄金生.——《维纳斯与阿都尼》 我有了这样一宗珍宝,就象是二十个大海的主人,它的每一粒泥沙都是珠玉,每一滴海水都是天上的琼浆,每一块石子都是天上的黄金.——《维洛那二士》

我们往往享有某一件东西的时候,一点不看重它的好处;等到失掉它以后,却会格外夸张它的价值,发现那些当它还在我们手里的时候看不出来的优点.——《无事生绅非》

道德

无瑕的名誉是世间最纯粹的珍宝;雄狮的神威可以使豹子慑伏.……可是不能改变它身上的斑点.……无瑕的名誉是世间最纯粹的珍宝;失去了名誉,人类不过是一些镀金的粪土,染色的泥块.忠贞的胸膛里一颗勇敢的心灵,就象藏在十重键锁的箱中的珠玉.——《理查二世》

生命,是每一个人所重视的;可是高贵的人重视荣誉远过于生命.——《特洛伊罗斯与克瑞西达》

死是可怕的.耻辱的生命是尤其可恼的.——《一报还一报》

无论男人女人,名誉是他们灵魂里面最切身的珍宝.谁偷窃我的钱囊,不过偷窃到一些废物,一些虚无的幻质,它从我的手里转到他的手里,它也会做过千万人的奴隶;可是谁偷了我的名誉去,那么他虽然并不因此而富足,我却因为失去它而成为赤贫了.——《奥瑟罗》

我们一旦把耻辱放在脑后,所作所为,就没有一件事情是对的;又要这么做,又要那么做,结果总是一无是处.——《一报还一报》

我宁愿失去这脆弱易碎的生命,却不能容忍你从我手里赢得了不可一世的声名;它伤害我的思想,甚于你的剑伤害我的肉体.——《亨利四世上篇》

让众人所追求的名誉永远纪录在我们的墓碑上,使我们在死亡的耻辱中获得*****;不管饕餮的时间怎样吞噬着一切,我们要在这一息尚存的时候,努力博取我们的声名,使时间的镰刀不能伤害我们;我们的生命可以终了,我们的名誉却要永垂干古.——《爱的徒劳》

失去生命中不死的一部分,留下来的也就跟畜生没有分别了.——《奥瑟罗》

品行是一个人的内在,名誉是一个人的外貌.——《莎士比亚戏剧集》

涂上釉彩的宝石容易失去光润,最好的黄金经不起人手的摩损,尽管他是名誉良好的端人正士,一朝堕落了也照样会不知羞耻.——《错误的喜剧》

一个人要是看轻了自己的根本,难免做出一些越限逾分的事来;枝叶脱离了树干,跟着也要萎谢,到后来只好

让人当作枯柴而付之一炬.——《李尔王》

良心负疚的人往往会向无言的衾枕泄漏他们的秘密.——《麦克白》

名誉是一件无聊的骗人的东西;得到它的人未必有什么功德,失去它的人也未必有什么过失.——《奥瑟罗》 ……使身体阔气,还要靠心灵.正象太阳会从乌云中探出头来一样,布衣粗服,可以格外显出一个人的正直,■鸟并不因为羽毛的美丽,而比云雀更为珍贵;蝮蛇并不因为皮肉的光泽,而比鳗鲡更有用处.——《驯悍记》 美德将留传到遥远的后世,生命短促,只有美德能将它留传到遥远的后世.——《莎士比亚戏剧集》

上天生下我们,是要把我们当作火炬,不是照亮自己,而是普照世界;因为我们的德行倘不能推及他人,那就等于没有一样.——《一报还一报》

一个人有了才华智慧,必须使它产生有益的结果;造物是一个工于算计的女神,她所给与世人的每一分才智,都要受赐的人知恩感激,加倍报答.——《一报还一报》

夜里辉煌的灯光,本是把自己的油耗干了,才把人间照亮.——《维纳斯与阿都尼》

道德和才艺是远胜于富贵的资产;堕落的子孙可以把贵显的门第败坏,把巨富的财产荡毁,可是道德和才艺,却可以使一个凡人成为不朽的神明.——《泰尔亲王配力克里斯》

我宁愿剖出我的心来,把我一滴滴的血熔成钱币,也不愿从农人粗硬的手里辗转榨取他们污臭的锱株.——《裘力斯凯撤》

没有德性的美貌,是转瞬即逝的;可是因为在你的美貌之中,有一颗美好的灵魂,所以你的美貌是永存的.——《一报还一报》

持躬唯谨唯慎,孜孜以德自绳;诸事扪心反省,待人一秉至公.——《一报还一报》

宁愿做一朵篱下的野花,不愿做一朵受恩惠的蔷薇;与其逢迎献媚,偷取别人的欢心,毋宁被众人所鄙弃.——《无事生非》

贞操是*唯一的光荣,名节是妇人最大的遗产.——《终成眷属》

穷巷陋室,有德之士居之,可以使蓬筚增辉;世禄之家,不务修善,虽有盛名,亦将隳败.——《终成眷属》

好象他的一身中具备着双重的精神,一方面是一个疾恶如仇的严师,一方面是一个从善如流的学生.——《亨利四世上篇》

在"仁厚"和"残暴"争夺王业的时候,总是那和颜悦色的"仁厚"最先把它赢到手.——《亨得五世》

在命运的颠沛中,最可以看出人们的气节.——《特洛伊罗斯与克瑞西达》

不要用鲜血玷污你的坟墓.你要效法天神吗你就该效法他们的慈悲;慈悲是高尚人格的真实标记.——《泰特斯安德洛尼克斯》

习惯虽然可以是一个使人失去羞耻的魔鬼,但是它也可以做一个天使,对于勉力为善的人,它会用潜移默化的手段,使他徙恶从善.——《哈姆莱特》

是您自已的冷酷寡恩,阴险刻毒,不顾信义地毁弃一切当初您向我们所发的盟言,激起了我们迫不得已的反抗.——《亨利四世上篇》

人间的权力尊荣,总是逃不过他人的讥弹;最纯洁的德性,也免不了背后的诽谤.——《一报还一报》 经过磨难的好事,会显得分外甘甜.——《鲁克丽丝受辱记》

当爱情的浪涛被推翻以后,我们应当友好地分手,说一声"再见"!——《莎士比亚戏剧集》

陌路之人和仇敌在分手的时候,是用不到亲吻的.——《终成眷属》

无言的纯朴所表示的情感,才是最丰富的.——《仲夏夜之梦》

对己能真,对人自然不假.——《莎士比亚戏剧集》

无言纯洁的天真,往往比说话更能打动人心.——《冬天的故事》

……心上的瑕疵是真的垢污;无情的人才是残废之徒.善即是美;但美丽的*恶,是魔鬼雕就文彩的空椟.——《第十二夜》

……可是假如天上的神明临视着人们的行事,我相信无罪的纯洁一定可以使伪妄的诬蔑惭愧,最虐将会对含忍颤栗.——《冬天的故事》

一个人的心灵受了鼓舞,那不用说,器官虽然已经萎缩了,僵了,也会从死沉沉的麻痹中振作起来,重新开始活

动,象蜕皮的蛇获得新生的力量一样.——《亨利五世》

莹洁无瑕的心灵,难得会梦见凶衅,没上过当的鸟儿,不惧怕诡秘的丛林.——《鲁克丽丝受辱记》

愿你不要象我们爱好虚华的世人一般,把一件富丽的外服遮掩**的敝陋;愿你的内容也象你的外表一般美好,不象我们那些朝士们只有一副空空的架子.——《辛白林》

Won gold in a kind

一颗好心抵得过黄金.——《亨利四世下篇》

垃圾里是淘不出金子来的.——《李尔王》

一枝小小的蜡烛,它的光照耀得多么远!一件善事也正象这支蜡烛一样,在这罪恶的世界上发出广大的光辉.——《威尼斯商人》

Time, with you more ruthless, I love my poetry Lane will last forever.

时光,凭你多狠,我的爱在我诗里将万古长青.——《十四行诗》

善良人的生命,往往在他们帽上的花朵还没有枯萎以前就化为朝露.——《麦克白》

狮子疼爱羊羔,羊羔就会永远跟着狮子跑.——《亨利六世下篇》

听说狮子受到慈悲心的感动,会容忍它的尊严的脚爪被人剪去;有人说,乌鸦常常抚育被遗弃的孤雏,却让自己的小鸟在巢中受饿.——《泰特斯安德洛尼克斯》

温婉的怜恤来叩门,坚厚的铁门也开放.——《鲁克丽丝受辱记》

只要我们的目的是正当的,不怕我们的武器不犀利.——《亨利四世上篇》

一副若无其事的神气,一串厚颜无耻的谎语,都不能使法官改变我的公正立场.——《亨利四世下篇》 要是权力能够转移人的本性,那么世上正人君子的本来面目究竟是怎样的.——《一报还一报》

……关于他的正直,我们有什么话好说;凡是一个正人君子所不应该有的品质,他无一不备;凡是一个正人君子所应该有的品质,他一无所有.——《终成眷属》

谁要是用谄媚的话刺伤我的心,那就是给我双重的损害.——《理查二世》

我何幸而有这样勇敢的一个臣子,敢把我的亲生的儿子依法定罪;我又何幸而有这样一个儿子,甘于放弃他的尊贵的身分,服从法律的制裁.——《亨利四世下篇》

一个问心无愧的人,赛如穿着护胸甲,是绝对安全的,他理直气壮,好比是披着三重盔甲;那种理不直,气不壮,丧失天良的人,即便穿上钢盔铁甲,也如同赤身*一般.——《亨利六世中篇》

我们现在的生活,不是比小心翼翼地恭候着他人的叱责,受了贿赂而无所事事,穿着不用钱买的绸缎的那种生活更高尚,更值得自豪吗那些受人供养,非但不知报答,还要人家向他脱帽致敬的人,他们的生活是不能跟我们相比的.——《辛白林》

爱与恨不能共居.——《鲁克丽丝受辱记》

把仇恨作为磨快你的剑锋的砺石,让哀痛变成愤怒.——《麦克白》

只要他的意志被人尊重,他就是一个宽仁慈爱的人,他有为怜悯而流的眼泪,也有济弱扶困的慷慨的手;可是谁要是激怒了他,他就会变成一块燧石,象严冬一般阴沉,象春朝的冰雪一般翻脸无情.——《亨利四世下篇》 合法的慈悲,是不可和肮脏的徇纵同日而语的卑劣的赎罪和大度的宽赦是两件不同的事情;合法的慈悲,是不可和肮脏的徇纵同日而语的.——《一报还一报》

宽恕人家所不能宽恕的,是一种高贵的行为.——《科利奥兰纳斯》

把"宽恕"说了两次,并不是把宽恕分而为二,而只会格外加强宽恕的力量.——《理查二世》

没有慈悲之心的是禽兽,是野人,是魔鬼.——《理查三世》

这剑授子你正为了诛灭罪恶的族类不要拔出你的剑来卫护邪恶的罪行;这剑授予你正为了诛灭罪恶的族类.——《鲁克丽丝受辱记》

要是用毁灭他人的手段,使自己置身在充满着疑虑的欢娱里,那么还不如那被我们所害的人,倒落得无忧无虑.——《麦克白》

我们为了希求自身的平安,把别人送下坟墓里去享受永久的平安,可是我们的心灵却把我们磨折得没有一刻平静的安息,使我们觉得还是跟已死的人在一起,倒要幸福得多了.——《麦克白》

当我们胆敢作恶,来满足卑下的希冀,我们就迷失了本性,不再是我们自己.——《鲁克丽丝受辱记》 害人之心是极恶的大罪.——《亨利六世上篇》

害人终于害己,责人者只好自责.——《理查三世》

恶念是隐藏不住的.——《亨利六世中篇》

如果有人看见一条小牝牛流着血,死在路旁,又看见附近有一个手拿斧子的屠户,能不叫人怀疑牛就是他杀了的吗如果有人在鹞鹰的巢里发现一只死鹌鹑,尽管鹞鹰的嘴上并无血迹,它还翱翔于高空,能叫人不猜想到鹌鹑的死因吗 ——《亨利六世中篇》

……我痛恨人们的忘恩,比之痛恨说谎,虚荣,饶舌,酗酒,或是其他存在于脆弱的人心中的陷入的恶德还要厉害.——《第十二夜》

建立在血泊中的基础是不稳固的,靠着他人的死亡换到的生命也决不会确立不败.——《约翰王》 来之不义的东西是不会有好下场的.——《亨利六世下篇》

这些高贵的天赋一旦使用不当,思想腐化必然变为罪恶,其面貌比起原来的秀丽更丑恶十倍.——《亨利八世》 *总是自食其果的.——《特洛伊罗斯与克瑞西达》

少量的邪恶足以勾销全部高贵的品质,害得人声名狼藉.——《哈姆莱特》

葱茏挺拔的青松,树皮一旦被剥尽,它的汁液会枯竭,它的枝叶会凋零;灵魂的树皮已经剥去,灵魂也必得凋损.——《鲁克丽丝受辱记》

暂时包庇起来的罪恶,总有一天会揭露出来的.——《一报还一报》

淌着眼泪的鳄鱼,装出一副可怜相,把善心的过路人骗到嘴里;又如同斑斓的毒蛇,蜷曲在花丛里,孩子见它颜色鲜艳,把它当作好东西,它就冷不防螫你一口.——《亨利六世中篇》

这贪污的人世,罪恶的镀金的手可以把公道推开不顾,暴徒的赃物往往就是枉法的贿赂.——《哈姆莱特》 受了我们的培植,您却象那凶恶的杜鹃的雏鸟对待抚养它的麻雀一般对待我们.——《亨利四世上篇》 智慧和仁义在恶人眼中看来都是恶的;下流的人只喜欢下流的事.——《李尔王》

篡位的人要想顺利地统治本国人民,除了向外国收买盟友之外,还有什么更好的办法 ——《亨利六世下篇》 以不义开始的事情,必须用罪恶使它巩固.——《麦克白》

任何恶德的外表也都附有若干美德的标志.——《莎士比亚戏剧集》

罪恶镀了金,公道的坚强的枪刺戳在上面也会折断;把它用破烂的布条裹起来,一根侏儒的稻草就可以戳破它.——《李尔王》

温文和气的恶人彼此不怀好意,面子上却做得彬彬有礼.——《雅典的泰门》

任何彰明昭著的罪恶,都可以在外表上装出一副道貌岸然的样子.多少没有胆量的懦夫,他们的颊上却长着天神一样威武的须髯,人家只看着他的外表,也就居然把他们当作英雄一样看待.——《威尼斯商人》

一个指着神圣的名字作证的恶人,就象一个脸带笑容的*徒,又象一只外观美好,中心腐烂的**.——《威尼斯商人》

凭着一条可怕的舌头,可以操纵人的生死,把法律供自己的驱使,是非善恶,都由他任意判断.——《一报还一报》

狐狸要想偷吃羊羔,它就决不叫唤.——《亨利六世中篇》

存心欺诈的人竟能如此假冒为善,简直是在面具后暗藏着一副鬼脸.——《理查三世》

你的妩媚会变成夏娃的**,如果你的美德跟外表不配合.——《十四行诗》

强盗躲在城堡里,只是为了便于掩护他的贼赃.——《亨利六世上篇》

世上最恶的坏人,也许瞧上去就象安哲鲁那样拘谨严肃,正直无私;安哲鲁在庄严的外表,清正的名声,崇高的位阶的重重掩饰下,也许就是一个罪大恶极的凶徒.——《一报还一报》

明目张胆做贼,并不蒙着庄严神圣的假面;那些道貌岸然的正人君子,才是最可怕的穿窬大盗.——《雅典的泰门》

嫉妒是一个绿眼的妖魔,谁做了它的牺牲,就要受它的玩弄.——《奥瑟罗》

妒妇的长舌比疯狗的牙齿更毒.——《错误的喜剧》

象空气一样轻的小事,对于一个嫉妒的人,也会变成天书一样坚强的确证;也许这就可以引起一场是非.——《奥瑟罗》

多疑的人,往往不是因为有了什么理由而嫉妒,只是为了嫉妒而嫉妒.那是一个凭空而来,自生自长的怪物.——《奥瑟罗》

人们因为一时的猜疑而引起的恐惧,往往会由于优虑愈形增长,先不过是害怕可能发生的祸害,跟着就会苦苦谋求防止的对策.——《泰尔亲王与配力克里斯》

乌鸦也会骂别人太黑.——《特洛伊罗斯与克瑞西达》

恶毒的诅咒,好比照在镜子里的阳光,好比多装了火药的大炮,有一股倒坐的劲头,会回击到你自己身上的.——《亨利六世中篇》

有了拍马的人,自然就有爱拍马的人.——《雅典的泰门》

向国王献媚的人,其实是在*他;因为谄媚是簸扬罪恶的风箱,佞人的口舌可以把星星之火煽成熊熊的烈焰;正直的规谏方是君王们所应该听取的.因为他们同属凡人,不能没有错误.当善于逢迎的小人侈谈平安的时候,他只是向殿下讨好,其实却危及您的生命.——《泰尔亲王配力克里斯》

人们的耳朵不能容纳忠言,谄媚却这样容易进去.——《雅典的泰门》

犀牛见欺于树木,熊见欺于镜子,象见欺于土穴,人类见欺于谄媚.——《裘力斯凯撒》

有一辈天生的奴才,他们卑躬屈节,拼命讨主人的好,甘愿受主人的鞭策,象一头驴子似的,为了一些粮草而出卖他们的一生,等到年纪老了,主人就把他们撵走;这种老实的奴才是应该抽一顿鞭子的.——《奥瑟罗》

最有趣的游戏,是看一群手足无措的人表演一些他们自己也不明白的玩意儿;他们拼命卖力,想讨人家的欢喜,结果却在过分卖力之中失去了原来的意义.——《爱的徒劳》

让蜜糖一样的嘴唇去吮舐愚妄的荣华,在有利可图的所在弯下他们生财有道的膝盖来吧.

——《哈姆莱特》

繁茂的藤萝受着太阳的煦养,成长以后,却不许日光进来,正象一般凭藉主子的势力作威作福的宠臣,一朝羽翼既成,却看不起那栽培他的恩人……——《无事生非》

那些倚靠着贵人恩宠的可怜虫,象做着梦一样,一醒以后,万事皆空.——《辛白林》

因为贪心不足的缘故,反而失去他们原有的技能.——《约翰王》

贪欲永远无底,占有的已经太多,仍渴求更多的东西.——《鲁克丽丝受辱记》

贪多务得的人们,孜孜地谋求取到,那尚未取到的一切,原有的却执掌不牢,那已经取到的一切,便因此松脱,丢掉:他们贪求的愈多,他们占有的愈少;或是占有的虽多,而由于填塞得过饱,结果是疳积难消,反而备尝苦恼,他们是假富真穷,成了破产的富豪.——《鲁克丽丝受辱记》

日久生厌的意志,饱餍梁食而未知满足的欲望,正象一面灌下一面漏出的水盆一样;在大嚼肥美的羔羊以后,却想慕着肉骨菜屑的异味.——《辛白林》

深藏的*诈会渐渐显出它的原形;罪恶虽然可以掩饰一时,免不了最后出乖露丑.——《李尔王》

世界上还没有一种方法,可以从一个人的脸上探察他的居心.——《麦克白》

诡计多端的坏蛋不需要捐客帮忙.——《亨利六世中篇》

*诈的人除了巫鬼以外,还能有什么朋友 ——《亨利六世上篇》

狐狸纵然没有咬出羊的血,但它生性就是羊群的敌人.——《亨利六世中篇》

……两人都像毒蛇一样,虽然吃的是芬芳花草.它们的身体内却藏着毒液.……凡是能够动手干那些比黑夜更幽暗的行为而不知惭愧的人,一定会不惜采取任何的手段,把它们竭力遮掩的.毒药和阴谋是罪恶的双手,犯罪者遮羞的武器.——《泰尔亲王配力克里斯》

蝮蛇是在光天化日之下出现的,所以步行的人必须刻刻提防.——《裘力斯凯撤》

我们应当把他当作一颗蛇蛋,与其让他孵出以后害人,不如趁他还在壳里的时候就把他杀死.——《裘力斯凯撤》

暗杀的事情无论干得怎样秘密,总会借着神奇的喉舌泄露出来.——《哈姆莱特》

要是你不是永生不死的,那么警戒你的四周吧;阴谋是会毁坏你的安全的.——《裘力斯凯撒》

那种因为有人称赞了他的言辞率直而有心矫揉造作,装出一副玩世不恭的态度来的家伙,他们用坦白的外表,包藏着极大的*谋祸心,比二十个胁肩谄笑,小心翼翼的愚蠢的谄媚者更要不怀好意.——《李尔王》 篡逆者虽然暂时得逞,可是上天是公正的,时间会给坏人坏事以报应.——《亨利六世下篇》

有钱的坏人需要没钱的坏人帮忙的时候,没钱的坏人当然可以漫天讨价.——《无事生非》

诚实

老老实实最能打动人心.——《理查三世》

一个人活在世上,应该时时刻刻说真话羞辱魔鬼!——《亨利四世上篇》

在诚惶诚恐的忠诚的畏怯上表示出来的意味,并不少干一条娓娓动听的辩舌和无所忌惮的口才.——《仲夏夜之梦》

忠诚,因为努力的狂妄,而变成毫无价值.——《仲夏夜之梦》

纯朴的忠诚所呈献的礼物,总是可取的.我们不必较量那可怜的忠诚所不能达到的成就,而应该重视他们的辛勤.——《仲夏夜之梦》

一个人做了心安理得的事,就是得到了最大的酬报.——《威尼斯商人》

许多誓言不一定可以表示真诚,真心的誓言只要一个就够了.——《终成眷属》

对一件作了会引起恶果的事情,不予以履行恰恰是忠信的表现.——《约翰王》

你就这问题作解释的时候,千万不能够歪曲,穿凿,或牵强附会;更不能仗着自个儿精明,就明知故犯,叫自己的灵魂负上了罪名,……——《亨利五世》

如果两鬃如霜的老人都不忠不信,人世间谁还有忠信 ——《亨刊六世中篇》

要是我变了心,或者有一丝不忠不贞的地方,那么,当时间变成古老而忘记了它自己的时候,当特洛埃的岩石被明珠滴烂,无数的城市被盲目的遗忘所吞噬,无数强大的国家了无痕迹地化为一堆泥土的时候,让我的不贞继续存留在人们的记忆里,永远受人唾骂!过了"象空气,象水,象风,象沙土一样轻浮,象狐狸对于羔羊,豺狼对于小牛,豹子对于母鹿,继母对于前

妻的儿子一样虚伪"以后,让他们举出一个最轻浮最虚伪的榜样来,说:"象克蕾雪达一样负心."——《特洛伊罗斯与克瑞西达》

正直的居心便是我的有力的护身符,你那些无聊的恐吓,就象一阵微风吹过,引不起我的注意.——《裘力斯凯撒》

最光明的天使也许会堕落,可是天使总是光明的;虽然小人全都貌似忠良,可是忠良的一定仍然不失他的本色.——《麦克白》

你必须对你自己忠实;正象有了白昼才有黑夜一样,对自己忠实,才不会对别人欺诈.——《哈姆莱特》 有人不会口若悬河,说得天花乱坠,可并不是就无情无义.——《李尔王》

爱你自己要爱在最后,珍爱那些恨你的人,诚实比起腐败会给你赢得更多的好处.——《亨利八世》 虚伪的心不会有坚硬的腿.——《雅典的泰门》

这些荒唐怪诞的谎话,正象只手掩不住一座大山一样,谁也骗不了的.——《亨利四世上篇》

一个人吃饱了太多的甜食,能使胸胃中发生强烈的厌恶,改信正教的人最是痛心疾首于以往欺骗他的异端邪说.——《仲夏夜之梦》

外观往往和事物的本身完全不符,世人却容易为表面的装饰所欺骗.——《威尼斯商人》

哪一件卑鄙邪恶的陈诉,不可以用娓娓动听的言词掩饰它的罪状哪一桩罪大恶极的过失,不可以引经据典,文过饰非,证明它的确是上合天心 ——《威尼斯商人》

一副坏喉咙未唱之前,总少不了来些老套儿,例如咳嗽吐痰或是说嗓子有点嘎之类.——《皆大欢喜》

一个心地不纯正的人,即使有几分好处,人家在称赞他的时候,总不免带着几分惋惜;因为那样的好处也就等于是邪恶的帮手.——《终成眷属》

一个好的旅行者讲述他的见闻,可以在宴席上助兴;可是一个净说诳话,掇拾一两件大家知道的事实遮掩他的一千句废话的人,听见一次就该打他三次.——《终成眷属》

……造物常常用一层美丽的墙来围蔽住内中的污秽.——《第十二夜》

那些舌尖上用功夫的家伙,凭着花言巧语,博得了女人的欢心;可是他们也会推三托四,把自己的无情撇得一干二净.——《亨利五世》

您的花言巧语对于了解您的人来说,适足以泄露您的空虚和弱点.——《亨利八世》

花言巧语是比引诱鱼儿上钩的香饵或是毒害羊群的苜蓿更甜蜜而更危险的.——《泰特斯安德洛尼克斯》 自从欺诈渗进了人们的天性中以后.人本来就只剩一个外表了.——《雅典的泰门》

人们往往用至诚的外表和虔敬的行动,掩饰一颗魔鬼般的内心,这样的例子是太多了.——《哈姆莱特》 与其被人在表面上恭维而背地里鄙弃,那么还是象这样自己知道为世人所不容的为好.——《李尔王》

跑出门象图画,走进房象响铃,到了灶下象野猫;设计害人的时候,面子上装得象尊菩萨,人家冒犯了你们,你们便象母夜叉.——《奥瑟罗》

变换的心肠总是不能维持好久的.——《维洛那二绅士》

你写诗句,和她交换着爱情的纪念物;在月夜她的窗前你用做作的声调歌唱着假作多情的诗篇;你用头发编成的腕环,指戒,虚华的饰物,琐碎的玩具,花束,糖果,这些可以强烈地骗诱一个稚嫩的少女之心的信使来偷得她的痴情;你用诡计盗取了她的心.——《仲夏夜之梦》

论李尔王的欺骗

Different deceptions in King Lear

Background:

King Lear is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, and is considered one of his greatest plays. Lear, who is old, wants to retire from power. He decides to divide his realm among his three

daughters, and he offers the largest share to the one who loves him most. Goneril and Regan both proclaim in fulsome terms that they love him more than anything in the world, which pleases him. Cordelia speaks temperately and honestly, which annoys him. In his anger he disinherits her, and divides the kingdom between the other two. Kent objects to this unfair treatment. Lear is further enraged by Kent's defiance, and banishes him from the country. Cordelia's two suitors enter.

Learning that she is disinherited, the Duke of Burgundy withdraws his suit, but the King of France is impressed by her honesty and marries her anyway.

Lear announces that he will live alternately with Goneril and Regan, and their husbands, the Dukes of Albany and Cornwall. He reserves to himself a retinue of one hundred knights, to be supported by his daughters. Goneril and Regan speak privately, agreeing that Lear is old and foolish. Edmund resents his illegitimate status, and plots to supplant his legitimate older brother Edgar. He tricks their father Gloucester with a forged letter, prompting him to think that Edgar plans to usurp the estate. Kent returns from exile in disguise under the name of Caius, and Lear hires him as a servant. Lear discovers that now that Goneril has power, she no longer respects him. She orders him to behave better and reduces his retinue. Enraged, Lear departs for Regan's home. The Fool mocks Lear's misfortune. Edmund fakes an attack by Edgar, and Gloucester is completely taken in. He disinherits Edgar and announces him an outlaw.

Kent meets Oswald at Gloucester's home. He quarrels with him, and is put in the stocks by Regan and her husband Cornwall. When Lear arrives, he objects, but Regan takes the same line as

Goneril. Lear is enraged but impotent. Goneril arrives and echoes Regan. Lear yields completely to his rage. He rushes out into a storm to rant against his ungrateful daughters, accompanied by the mocking Fool. Kent later follows to protect him. Gloucester protests Lear's mistreatment. Wandering on the heath after the storm, Lear meets Edgar, in the guise of Tom o' Bedlam, that is, a madman. Edgar babbles madly while Lear denounces his daughters. Gloucester leads them all to shelter.

Edmund betrays Gloucester to Cornwall, Regan, and Goneril. He shows a letter from his father to the King of France asking for help against them; and in fact a French army has landed in Britain. Gloucester is arrested, and Cornwall gouges out his eyes. But one of Cornwall's servants is so outraged by this that he attacks and fatally wounds Cornwall. Regan kills the mutinous servant, and tells Gloucester that Edmund tricked him; then she turns him out to wander the heath too. Edgar, in his madman's guise as Tom, meets blinded Gloucester on the heath. Gloucester begs Tom to lead him to a cliff, so that he may jump to his death.

Goneril meets Edmund and discovers that she finds him more attractive than her honest husband Albany, whom she regards as milk-livered. Albany is disgusted by the sisters' treatment of Lear, and the mutilation of Gloucester, and denounces Goneril. Kent leads Lear to the French army, which is accompanied by Cordelia. But Lear is half-mad and terribly embarrassed by his earlier follies. Albany leads the British army to meet the French. Regan too is attracted to Edmund, and the two sisters become jealous. Goneril sends Oswald with letters to Edmund, and also tells Oswald to kill Gloucester if he sees him. Edgar pretends to lead Gloucester to a cliff, then changes his voice and tells Gloucester he has miraculously survived a great fall. They meet Lear, who is now completely mad. Lear rants that the whole world is corrupt and runs off.

Oswald tries to kill Gloucester, but is slain by Edgar. In Oswald's pocket, Edgar finds a letter from Goneril to Edmund suggesting the murder of Albany. Kent and Cordelia take care of Lear, whose madnelargely passes. Regan, Goneril, Albany, and Edmund meet with their forces. Albany insists that they fight the French invaders, but not harm Lear or Cordelia. The two sisters lust for Edmund, who has made promises to both. He considers the dilemma, and plots the deaths of Albany, Lear, and Cordelia. Edgar gives Goneril's letter to Albany. The armies meet in battle, the British defeat the French, and Lear and Cordelia are captured. Edmund sends them off with secret orders for execution.

The victorious British leaders meet, and Regan now declares she will marry Edmund. But Albany exposes the intrigues of Edmund and Goneril, and proclaims Edmund a traitor. Regan collapses; Goneril has poisoned her. Edmund defies Albany, who calls for a trial by combat. Edgar appears to fight Edmund, and fatally stabs him in a duel. Albany shows Goneril's letter to her; she flees in shame and rage. Edgar reveals himself; Gloucester dies offstage from the overwhelming shock and joy of this revelation.

Throughout the play we could see various deceptions since in the place palace, this could not be called unusual, and through the proceof deception, the personality of each character can be vividly illustrated. The paper is mainly going to discuwith three main deceptions, and do some analysis.

1. The Deception of the two elder daughters of King Lear

“Sir, I love you more than word can wield the matter;

Dearer than eyesight, space and liberty;

Beyond what can be valued, rich or rate;

No lethan life, with grace, health, beauty, honor;

As much as child ever loved, or father found;

A love that makes breath poor, and speech unable.” By Goneril

This seems quite a perfect eulogy, with splendid and magnificent words, and hardly can any one escape from the feeling of pleasure upon hearing this, especially when after the speech another yet more compelling complementary by a younger sister, Regan, is made. No wonder when King Lear heard the bare heartfelt words from Cordelia, he immediately had the emotional tendency to drive her out of the palace and distribute the land allotted to her to her two sisters instead.

As far as I am concerned, the action of Cordelia’s two sisters are typical deception in order to gain power and wealth. This can be seen right after the fact that hardly had they reached their goal when they abandoned King Lear. The deception, from one side, directly showed the evil spirit of the two sisters, yet from the other side, showed a human nature of the desires for power and flattery. King Lear will be a good example from the case where he chose to distribute his land to his daughters according to their complimentary on his accomplishments. And being between these two natures, Cordelia, on the contrary, became the victim in the competition for power and wealth. Cordelia is the image of pure honesty and justice, always showing bare, honest but not flattering words in expressing her love for her father, but this indeed contributed to her plight of receiving nothing from whom she deeply loved, as well as her final death. However, King Lear also lost all his power in believing his two daughters’ words, ranting in the storm in order to reduce the pain in his heart, going into the black hole of madneas an escape to the reality; and his two daughters as well died in envy and doubt. In my opinion, constructing the plot in this way, Shakespeare not only added a desperate tragic tone to the whole play according to the old saying that “the tragedy is to break beautiful things right before people’s eyes”, but also illustrated the final ending of people who deceive and who believe in deception, which is related to the final sentence: “Speak what we feel, not what we ought to say.”

2. The Deception of Edmund

“This policy and reverence of age makes the world bitter to the best of our times; keeps our fortunes from us till our oldnecannot relish them. I begin to find an idle and fond bondage in the oppression of aged tyranny, who sways, not as it hath power, but as it is suffered. Come to me, that of this I may speak more. If our father would sleep till I waked him, you should enjoy half his revenue for ever, and live the beloved of your brother. EGDAR.”

It is easy to imagine, when Gloucester received this letter, how outraged he would become and what would he do to Edgar. However, this was in fact only the evil plan of Edgar’s brother, Edmund, who Edgar deeply trusted and treated him with every ounce of love he could give. Yet this was just one of Edmund’s deceptions, including letting Cornwall blind his father, trying to have good relationship with his three sisters, all for his final goal to reach on top of every one else.We could say that Edmund’s excessive thirst for power was nurtured by his background and the destiny he was born with. Only a few months younger than his brother, yet also the son of another wife of Gloucester, Edmund could not enjoy the power as his brother Edgar did. Feeling this as the constraint, Edmund regarded that he had no other choice but to gain power, and only by

deceiving and competing could he reach his goal. It is agreed by the majority that Edmund was the product of every piece of impiety that we could find in the world, cheating, cruelty, hurting people even his dearest relatives, yet we should also acknowledge that even so, we could see the sadnelying deep behind his actions. To Edmund, he thought that life did not give him things he deserved, so he was going to earn them by himself. However, the route to power was tough and difficult, and his death finally brought all these to ground zero no matter how hard he had tried to come all this way.

“Sir, I shall study deserving.” At the beginning of the play, Edmund had already shown his ambition to stand at the very top of the kingdom, and I would conclude that Edmund himself was a perfect example of deceiving. Life composed of deception may bring the power and wealth he needed, yet far behind we could see the emptineand disparity in it.

3. The deception of Edgar

“Why I do trifle thus with his despair is done to cure it.” By Edgar

Edgar’s deception, rare in Shakespeare’s whole play Kind Lear, was deception for purpose of pure love and for the sake of others, not for himself. He deceived his father in order to save him out of despair and grief. Upon seeing Edgar’s tenderneand effort when guiding his father and convincing him that he was standing on the cliff, I could hardly disagree that like Cordelia, in the play Edgar represented totally the virtue of honesty, though he’s invariably called foolish by his brother. Some people may state that because of the honesty and belief in others Edgar was deceived by his brother and lost his original power, yet we could not deny that by the end of the play, Egdar survived, sticking to his discipline from the beginning to the end, and thus he could be regarded as the winner. This to some extent showed Shakespeare’s agreement in honesty and virtue. But even so, Shakespeare did not leave an easy life for Edgar, for his survival was followed by a trial of dead people, and he was the person who was going to endure the heavy sadneleft behind. But if the characters had learned the lesson from the very beginning the tragedy would not have happened, and this was indeed the spirit of what tragedy was.

Conclusion:

“Speak what we feel, not what we ought to say.” This was said by Edgar at the end of the play, yet deception can be seen everywhere in the play. Through the representative deceptions, Shakespeare successfully bent the humanity, and stated both the bright and dark sides of the world. From the case of Cordelia we saw that the reality usually harmed beauty and purity, yet at the end we could also see hope lying in the survival of Edgar, that the humanity would finally achieved victory, which was how we were impressed by the profound meaning and graceful language of King Lear.

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